initiated low-temperature cracking of Ozonizated Petroleum and Heavy Petroleum Ends

A.K. Golovko, V.F. Kamyanov, I.G. Shabotkin

Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, Institute of Petroleum Chemistry, 3, Academichesky Ave., 634021, Tomsk, Russia

Abstract

New way to produce greater amounts of distillate motor fuels from crude petroleums, petroleum residues and natural bitumens by an ozonization of raw material followed with thermal treatment of the product formed under the conditions similar to ones characteristic of common petroleum atmospheric rectification process is proposed. About half of heavy petroleum components boiling above 350C can be converted into light hydrocarbons constituting the gasoline and diesel fractions and total yield of the lasts can be accordingly increased by means of described new method of oil processing. Ultimate products contain up to 16 wt.% olefins and lesser amounts of sulfur compounds and have noticeably improved principal operational properties in comparison with analogues straight-run motor petroleum distillates.