Effect of Temperature and Humidity on Electrical Properties of Organic Orange Dye Complex Films

Kh.S. Karimov1, M.H. Sayyad2, M.M. Ahmed2, M.N. Khan2, Z.M. Karieva3, S.A. Moiz2, M. Shah2, Kh. Zakaullah2 and M.A. Turaeva2

1Physical Technical Institute of Academy of Science, Rudaki Ave., 33, Dushanbe, 734025, Tajikistan

2GIK Institute of Engineering Sciences and Technology, Topi, 23460, District Swabi, N.W.F.P, Pakistan

3Tajik Technical University, Dushanbe, 734000, Tajikistan

Abstract

In this study the effect of temperature and humidity on electrical properties of organic orange dye (OD) complex with vinyl-ethynyl-trimethyl-piperidole (VETP) have been examined. Thin films of OD (C17H17N5O2) and VETP (C12H19NO) complex were deposited from 10 wt.% (5 wt.% of each matter) solution in mixture of distilled water (80%) and spirit. The films were grown at room temperature under normal gravity conditions, i.e., 1 g and in a spin coater at an angular speed of 300 RPM. The Cu/OD-VETP/Cu surface type samples were fabricated and their low frequency (10 Hz) AC electric characteristics were evaluated for the temperature range 30-95C at ambient humidity of 45-80%. It was observed that at normal conditions the conductivity of the samples is temperature dependent and shows semi-conductive behavior with activation energy of 0.55 eV. It was found that with increase in humidity the resistance of the samples decreases and at humidity values equal to 60-70% the irreversible transition from semi-conductive to conductive state takes place. It is supposed that in the former state the conductive matrix is formed due to incorporation of the water molecules into OD-VETP complex.