Theoretical and Experimental Investigations of Substantiating Technologies for Carbon Materials Production from Natural Gas
L.B. Director, K.A. Homkin, I.L. Maikov, Yu.L. Shekhter, G.F. Sokol, V.M. Zaichenko
Institute for High Temperatures of Russian Academy of Sciences
Izhorskaya 13/19, Moscow, 125412, Russia
The results of theoretical and experimental investigations on methane pyrolysis with infiltration through a heated porous matrix generated from various carbon materials are presented. The features of mathematical models, kinetic relationships of process are discussed. The mathematical model of process shares on external problem (a flow of particles in an external stream) and internal problem (reaction in particle porous). The heat and mass transfer for the average (over the reactor cross section) parameters, ignoring the heat transfer in gas by thermal conductivity, is described by unsteady-state one-dimensional differential equations in partial derivatives. For the mathematical description of process kinetics of methane decomposition the approach is used by which the soot formation is treated as a chain radical process. The porous media is represented by a system of large enough particles. In its turn, every macroparticle consists of finer particles, which are also composed of microparticles, etc. Calculating programs were used for modeling and efficiency analysis of technological installations for technical carbon production in a regenerative heater, filled by a ceramic nozzle and for similar purposes concerning carbon (oven soot) in autothermal torch process of partial gas oxidation by air at a surplus factor of oxidizer in relation to stoichiometry 0.4-0.5 at pressure close to atmospheric on Sosnogorsk Gas-Processing Plant. Experiment descriptions and techniques for experimental realization are given. These results are used as fundamentals for new technologies considering pyrocarbon materials production in the continuous operation reactor.