Spatial Variability of Chemical Composition of Eurasian Oils
Yuri M. Polichtchouk, Irina G. Yashchenko
The Institute of Petroleum Chemistry, Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch
3, Academichesky Ave., 634021 Tomsk, Russia
The study of relationships governing the variability of chemical composition of the Eurasian oils has been carried out on the basis of the statistical processing of the data on contents of total sulfur, resins, paraffin wax and asphaltenes in oils. These indices are considered as the principal chemicals of oils chemical composition. The data processed for Eurasian continent was chosen from database on petroleum chemistry, which is create by Institute of Petroleum Chemistry of Siberian Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences and nowadays includes more than 9,000 entries of oil physical-chemical data on all main world oil-bearing basins. Latitudinal and longitudinal dependencies of the above indices of oils chemical composition were studied by methods of statistical and cluster analyses and means of geographical information system (GIS) ArcView 3.1. The results of these studies are represented on the computer maps. It is shown that properties of oils are statistically inhomogeneous in Eurasia depending on geographic position. In average, contents of total sulfur, resins and asphaltenes in crude oil increase in direction from east to west. But the analysis doesn’t reveal longitudinal dependence of paraffin content, only a latitudinal dependence. In average, paraffin wax content in oils increases in direction from north to south. From the analysis of the results of geozoning of oil-bearing territories using the whole complex of indices, the zones of oils that are homogenous by their properties was revealed. The results obtained may be used to solve the problems of a rational use of hydrocarbon resources, in particular:
a) siting the oil-refining and petrochemical enterprises,
b) developing the regional nets of a rational transporting of hydrocarbons and petroleum products.